CHANGE IN MATERIAL
We often use made from when we talk about how something is manufactured:
Plastic is made from oil.
“Vine is made from grapes.”
“Paper is made from trees.”
“Plastic is made from oil.”
The earliest canoes were made from tree trunks.
They are made from wood and felt.
It’s made from vegetables and soy products.
I mean, literally made from paint.
These payments are made from the national budget.
This paper was made from 100% recycled materials.
It is a trumpet made from a human bone.
Made out of
We usually use made out of when we talk about something that has been changed or transformed from one thing into another:
In the 1970s, it was popular to have candle-holders made out of wine bottles.
They were living in tents made out of old plastic sheets.
Her bracelet is made out of detonation cord.
No, you’re made out of flesh and blood.
A zip gun made out of tampon, cardboard and rubber bands.
I don’t know, cakes made out of diapers.
NO CHANGE IN MATERIAL
There is another way to determine the usage of ‘made of’. If the material out of which the substance is created has not undergone a change in the process of making the material, then ‘made of ‘can be used. Consider a table made of wood. Here, even though we are using the word ‘table’, the object is still wood. Material may be cut and polished, but the basic composition remains the same.
We use made of when we talk about the basic material or qualities of something. It has a meaning similar to ‘composed of’:
She wore a beautiful necklace made of silver.
I thought you were made of money.
Paintable wallpaper is also made of vinyl.
You really get to see what people are made of.
It means your heart is made of ice.
A: What’s this table made of?
B: It’s oak, American white oak.
A: It’s lovely.
We use made with most often to talk about the ingredients of food and drink:
This dish is made with beef, red peppers and herbs.
Is sushi always made with raw fish or do the Japanese use cooked fish too?
Made up of
“Made up of” is used in the sense composed of several things. E.g.- This machines is made up of several electronics components. The board is made up of all the presidents of the world.
It’s made up of banana milkshakes, loft insulation and random shoes.
They’re all made up of the same components.
Your body’s made up of about 70% water.
In reality, it’s made up of thousands of tiny machines.
As a woman, I’m made up of billions of cells and millions of feelings.
It is a unique country made up of four nations: England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
Make up – составляют
Women with disabilities make up a significant part of the world’s population.
Monkeys make up over 80% of the world’s monkey population.
They only make up 26% of the market.
Induced abortion accounts for 76% of hospital admissions due to abortion.
Road transport now accounts for 78.8 per cent of all haulage.
The oil sector accounts for around 40 per cent of the country’s GDP.